Paul Foytack is most remembered for one game at the end of his career. On July 31, 1963, while pitching for the Los Angeles Angels against Cleveland, Foytack became the first pitcher in major league history to yield home runs to four consecutive batters. That moment characterized two of Paul’s qualities. First was his propensity to give up home runs, some of them tape-measure blasts by famous sluggers. Second was his sense of humor. After the fourth homer, manager Bill Rigney came to the mound. According to Foytack, “Upon arriving Rigney said, ‘Well, Paul, what do you think?’ ‘Gee, Bill,’ I said, ‘I think I am in pretty good shape. There’s nobody on base.’”[fn]Mike Shannon, Tales from the Ballpark (Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1999), 69.[/fn]
Foytack was a consummate team player. He was always willing to pitch an inning or make a start for his team in an era when starters were routinely used in relief and pitch counts were nonexistent. Foytack was essentially a career .500 pitcher over 11 big-league seasons, with an 86-87 record. However, a closer look at his career reveals that between 1956 and 1959 he was one of the top ten hurlers in the American League and ranked fifth in total wins.[fn]Brent Kelley, “An SCD Interview with Paul Foytack,” Sports Collectors Digest, June 14, 1991, 152.[/fn] During this period, he ranked in the top ten at least twice in wins, strikeouts, complete games, hits per innings pitched, games started and complete games.
The son of a steamfitter, Paul Eugene Foytack was born November 16, 1930, in Scranton, Pennsylvania. He was the fifth of John and Elsie Foytack’s seven children. Pitching for Scranton Technical High School, Paul led his team to a state championship in 1948. “That year I struck out 80 batters in 48 innings,” he said.[fn]Rich Marazzi, “Colorful Foytack experienced the good, bad and ugly,” Sports Collectors Digest, December 21, 2007.[/fn]
One of his childhood heroes was Detroit Tigers’ Hall of Famer pitcher Hal Newhouser. Upon graduation in 1949, attracted to Newhouser’s Tigers, Foytack was signed as a free agent by Ed Katalinas.
Paul performed well in his first two minor league seasons. In his debut year he went 14-10 with a 3.25 ERA at Thomasville in the Class D Georgia-Florida League. There, too, he met his future wife, Kathryn Blow. He was promoted the next season to Butler, Pennsylvania, in the Class C Mid-Atlantic League. Paul improved to 18-6 and led the league in wins, innings, ERA, walks and strikeouts.[fn]Kelley, p. 152.[/fn] He ended the season with 13 straight victories, including four playoff wins. Years later Foytack recalled, “I loved that town. ...We won the championship that year. ... I used to sit in the stands and talk to people during batting practice.”[fn]Ryan Buncher, “Area Rich in Minor League Baseball History,” Pittsburgh Tribune, July 21, 2002.[/fn]
In 1951 Paul started the season with Class A Williamsport, where he played against his hometown Scranton Miners. In Foytack’s first appearance in Scranton he lasted less than three innings in an eventual 18-1 loss.[fn]“Foytack Gets Rude Welcome,” The Sporting News, May 16, 1951, 31.[/fn] However, on July 2, he redeemed himself when he fanned 12 in 12 innings, gaining a victory over Scranton.[fn]“Foytack Stops Home-Towners.” The Sporting News, July 11, 1951, 52.[/fn] After posting a 7-9 record in Williamsport, Paul was promoted to AAA Toledo, where he finished 3-5 but with an impressive 3.17 ERA.
In training camp in 1952, Foytack was a surprise “spring sensation.”[fn]Watson Spoelstra, “Bengals’ Chances to Turn on Early Returns from Hal,” The Sporting News, April 23, 1952, p. 13.[/fn] He came north with the Tigers, but was sent to Triple-A Buffalo before the season started. In Buffalo one scout called him “the hardest throwing right hander in the league.”[fn]“Buffalo,” The Sporting News, August 6, 1952, 28.[/fn] That season he bounced between Buffalo and Williamsport with a combined 8-10 record.
In 1953 Foytack made it to the majors. He started the season on a roster that included his boyhood hero, Hal Newhouser. He made his big-league debut on April 21, pitching a scoreless inning of relief against Chicago. After appearing in six games and giving up 12 runs in 9.2 innings without a decision, he was sent back to Buffalo. There he had another good season with a record of 13-10. Buffalo manager Jack Tighe called him “the best pitcher in the International League.”[fn]Cy Kritzer, “’Best Pitcher Int,’ Tighe’s Tag on Foytack,” The Sporting News, September 9, 1953, 27.[/fn] Paul demonstrated his resiliency when his parents came from Scranton to see him pitch. Against Rochester on July 19, he lasted only three innings in a loss; but on July 21, with only one day of rest, he beat Ottawa 4-3.
The next spring Foytack again failed to stay with Detroit. “We didn’t get moved up like they do now, ‘cause there were so many farm teams and so many players.”[fn]Kelley, p. 151.[/fn] That season he struggled in Triple A. He split his time between Buffalo and Louisville, finishing with a combined 5-10 and 5.33 ERA.
The next year, 1955, was a make-it-or-break-it year for Foytack. Detroit had used up its options on him. The team faced losing him in the draft if they sent him back to the minors. Tighe declared that Paul needed to improve his control with the curveball: “This spring we are trying to teach him a quicker curve ball-one with a shorter break.”[fn]“Foytack on the Track With a Quicker Curve,” The Sporting News, April 6, 1955, 15.[/fn] While Foytack made the team, he saw limited duty. Due to his lack of control, Manager Bucky Harris had little confidence in Foytack. He appeared almost exclusively in relief, pitching just 49.2 innings in 22 games. The season was over a month old before Paul made his first appearance, pitching a third of an inning in relief. Foytack started his first game against Kansas City on September 2. He lasted four innings, giving up four runs and taking the loss. For the season he was 0-1 with a 5.26 ERA, but showed improvement as the season progressed. Afterward, Foytack signed on to play winter ball. There he performed well and was the starting pitcher in the Mexican League all-star game.[fn]“25,158 at Mexico City See Coast Squad Win Star Tilt,” The Sporting News, January 4, 1956.[/fn]
The following spring, opportunity knocked. When several veterans developed arm trouble, Foytack won a spot in the Tigers’ starting rotation. He lost his first start but then won the next three. Bucky Harris noted, “He has always had the arm ... His control is improving and that’s what counts.”[fn]Watson Spoelstra, “Bengals Find Another Starter In Foytack, Forgotten Man of ’55,” The Sporting News, May 30, 1956, 10.[/fn] Paul’s first major league victory came on May 9, 1956, when he went the distance in a 7-3 victory over the Senators. On July 28, Foytack set a Detroit record against Washington by striking out fifteen batters, only to lose the game, 6-5. After the game, sportswriters raved about the potential of the “handsome Pennsylvanian with the baffling fastball.”[fn]Watson Spoelstra, “Foytack Wins Big Place in Bengals’ Future Book,” The Sporting News, August 8, 1956, 11.[/fn] Finally broken by lefthander Mickey Lolich in 1969, the record was not matched by a Tigers righthander until 2012, when Max Scherzer did it. One of Foytack’s proudest moments came in the last game of the season in relief of starter Billy Hoeft. Paul pitched two scoreless innings as “Billy got his 20th win that day and I got the save.”[fn]Kelley, p. 152.[/fn]
Foytack finished the 1956 season with a 15-13 record and 3.59 ERA. His 184 strikeouts were the third best in the league. He also finished in the top ten in games started, innings pitched, and complete games. But Foytack also earned the dubious distinction of topping the league with 142 walks, a team record at the time. Additionally, he began to get a reputation for serving up tape- measure home runs. Paul ranked fifth with 24 homers allowed. On June 13, Mickey Mantle blasted one of Paul’s fastballs out of Briggs Stadium.
As the 1957 season began, Foytack had finally a more secure spot in the starting rotation. His former minor league mentor, Jack Tighe, was the new Detroit manager. Paul now had three pitches. Along with his curve and palm ball, his fast ball was considered the “quickest” on the team.[fn]Hal Middlesworth, “The Flipper is Back -- Watch Tigers Go,” Detroit Free Press, June 22, 1957.[/fn] On May 3, he gained his first victory by shutting out Boston in 39 degree weather. Foytack quipped, “Don’t tell anybody, but I’ve got ice water in my veins.”[fn]Watson Spoelstra, “Hudlin’s Coaching Straightens Out Tigers’ Curving,” The Sporting News, May 15, 1957, 10.[/fn] Paul became a workhorse on the staff. In a nine-day period ending June 2, he started three games and entered one in relief. He also helped his cause with five straight hits over three games, raising his average to .462. Foytack joked, “I’m really a .500 hitter, but I’m going bad.”[fn]“Foytack Shows Hitters How It’s Done With Five in Row,” The Sporting News, June 5, 1957, 19.[/fn] However, he was soon sidelined eight days with a pulled muscle. On June 22, he returned to the lineup and posted his eighth victory. Paul gained his twelfth victory on July 28. There was talk of a possible 20-win season. Unfortunately, neck and shoulder injuries plagued him for much of the remainder of the season. He was out of the lineup for extended periods. Paul finished with 14 victories and a 3.14 ERA, eighth in the league. He reduced his walk total to 104, but was still second in the AL in that category. His home run pitches continued to get attention. Foytack told one reporter that they were not “gopher” balls; they were “Superman” pitches, because they go “up, up and away.”[fn]Oscar Ruhl, “From the Ruhl Book,” The Sporting News, July 3, 1957, 21.[/fn]
In early 1958 Tigers general manager John McHale expressed excitement regarding Paul’s potential. “Foytack has the potential to become a 30-game winner. He has a rubber arm and an effortless delivery.”[fn]Watson Spoelstra, “Flossy ERA Figure Backs Bengal Faith in Foytack,” The Sporting News, January 1, 1958, 21.[/fn] Nevertheless, Paul’s spring training was a disaster. Jack Tighe lamented that he “was the worst pitcher in our entire organization this spring.”[fn]Tommy Devine, “Can’t You Figure Out Foytack,” Detroit Free Press, June 28, 1962.[/fn] Paul then bewildered his manager in his first two regular-season starts, both complete-game six-hitters with only two earned runs allowed. On May 31, Foytack hurled a complete-game shutout against Chicago, bringing his ERA down to 2.62 and his record up to 5-4. Then his fortunes turned around in his next ten starts. His ERA climbed to 4.59 as he won two and lost five. Bill Norman replaced Tighe as Detroit’s manager in early June. After Paul lasted only 2 1/3 innings in a 3-13 loss to the Yankees on July 22, Norman assigned him to the bullpen.
Foytack’s first relief appearance, on July 24, was memorable. Paul volunteered to pitch an inning after Yankees reliever Ryne Duren allegedly dusted Al Kaline. Duren batted in the ninth with two outs. “I didn’t want to hit him in the head…but I did want to shoot him in the ribs. But I got it high and he froze…. I cracked his cheek bone and his helmet.… I thought I killed him.”[fn]Kelley, p. 152.[/fn] Both benches emptied. An apologetic Foytack later visited Duren in the hospital. “I walked into the room and Duren said ‘Don’t worry about it -- I had it coming.”’[fn]“Paul Foytack Baseball Stats, facts, biography, images and video,” http://www.thebaseballpage.com/players/foytapa01[/fn]
Foytack was effective in three relief appearances before returning as a starter on August 3. Paul hurled a complete game in a 3-2 victory over the Orioles. This was the start of a season-ending stretch where Foytack went 8-4 and recorded a 2.34 ERA. The coaching staff credited his better performance to improved control and a correction to a delivery flaw that tipped his pitches.[fn]“Tigers Fix Flaw Finding Faultless Form for Foytack,” The Sporting News, September 17, 1958, 27.[/fn] He finished the season 15-13 with a 3.44 ERA. He reduced his total walks to 77, although still eighth highest in the AL. Paul also had the first of what were three errorless seasons defensively, with a 1.000 fielding percentage over more than 100 innings pitched. He later attributed his success to the fact that “I didn’t throw wild to any bases.”[fn]Jerry Nechal, telephone interview with Paul Foytack, August 21, 2014.[/fn]
Foytack’s strong finish in 1958 further raised the expectations of Tigers management. Instead, the start of 1959 campaign was another disappointment. Paul failed to go the distance in his first ten starts, compiling a 2-6 record with an 8.06 ERA. Desperate to turn things around, Foytack tried losing weight. “What the heck, if I don’t start winning, I’m not going to be eating anyway. What have I to lose?”[fn]Hal Middlesworth, Detroit Free Press, May 23, 1959.[/fn] Again facing banishment to the bullpen, he finally righted himself with a complete-game five-hit 3-1 victory over Cleveland on June 1. This was the start of a 12-8 run to finish the season 14 -14 with a 4.64 ERA.
Paul was the workhouse of the staff, leading both the team and the league with 37 starts. The competitive Foytack showed his true colors in mid-August. On the 16th he was knocked out of the box in the first inning after giving up five runs. He kicked the rosin bag and threw both his glove and hat into the dugout as he left the game. The game was rained out a half-inning later. The next day, in what appeared to some as a punitive move, manager Jimmy Dykes, started Foytack in the makeup game. He won, 5-4. Dykes remarked afterwards, “I can’t remember the last time I started the same pitcher two days in a row. I’d have to go back to the 30’s….”[fn]Foytack Blows Fuse After Kayo -- Bounces Back as Tiger Whiz,” The Sporting News, August 26, 1959, 10.[/fn]
Foytack’s gopher-ball reputation continued to grow. He served up a career-high 34 round-trippers, including a tape-measure 485-foot blast by Harmon Killebrew on June 19, 1959.
After four good years, Foytack’s 1960 season marked a turning point in his career. A residual shoulder problem from the prior year returned in spring training and worsened. “I tore muscles in the front of my shoulder, under my arm down to the elbow.”[fn]Kelley, p. 151.[/fn] He split time between starting, relief and the disabled list. Paul pitched only 96 2/3 innings in 28 games, 13 as a starter and 15 in relief. He finished with a 2-11 record and a 6.14 ERA. Foytack later observed that he struggled to throw as hard after this injury and was never the same pitcher.
In his last appearance as a starter on September 10, Paul yielded another legendary Mickey Mantle home run. In the seventh inning, Mantle blasted a 2-0 fastball that cleared Briggs Stadium’s right-field roof and landed in Brooks Lumber yard across Trumbull Avenue from the stadium. The drive was estimated to have traveled 643 feet.
In Foytack’s first full six years the Tigers were a .500 ball club, finishing no higher than fourth. 1961 was a different story. Detroit contended with the Yankees for first place most of the season. Paul called it “the best team I ever played with.”[fn]Jerry Nechal, telephone interview with Paul Foytack, August 21, 2014.[/fn]
Foytack had worked hard in the offseason to strengthen his arm through weight training. Early in the season Paul was seldom called upon to pitch. Frustrated with the inactivity, he cracked, “Twenty more minutes of pitching batting practice and I will earn my letter.”[fn]Watson Spoelstra, “Hex--Waves Magic Wing as Yanks Wilt,” The Sporting News, May 3, 1961, 4.[/fn] His first appearance of the season, as a reliever on April 26, was memorable. In the fifth inning Roger Maris hit the first of his record breaking 61 home runs off Foytack. Few would later recall that it took Maris eleven games to begin his epic pursuit of Ruth’s HR record. Early on Paul struggled, giving up several long home runs. At the end of May he had a 2-3 record with a 6.13 ERA. But then he turned things around to become a key contributor to the Tigers’ strong season, finishing with an 11-10 record, 169 innings pitched and a 3.93 ERA. On Aug 31 he went 9 innings in an 8-2 victory over Chicago to pull the Tigers within 1½ games of the Yankees as they went into New York for a weekend series. But the Yankees swept Detroit that weekend, the team faded in September and finished second even though it won 101 games.
During the 1961 off season, Foytack became the subject of trade rumors.[fn]Les Biederman, “Buc Fans Push Rumor Button -- Demand Swaps,” The Sporting News, November 29, 1961, 39.[/fn] Nonetheless, at the start of the 1962 season he was still a Tiger and became the team’s longest tenured player.[fn]Watson Spoelstra, “Crystal-Gazer Cash Sizes Up Tigers As ’62 Flag Contender,” The Sporting News, December 20, 1961, 21.[/fn] However, he now found himself in the bullpen. Ineffective in his first two relief appearances, Paul was inserted as a starter on May 6 to replace the injured Frank Lary. Taking advantage of this opportunity, Foytack surged to a 7-1 record by early July. This stretch included one victory as a starter on two day’s rest. No longer able to rely on an explosive fastball, Foytack, pitching coach Tom Ferrick observed, “has become a pitcher rather than a thrower.”[fn]Watson Spoelstra, “Tigers Flash Toothy Grin for Sad Sam’s New Secret Weapon,” The Sporting News, July 14, 1962, 11.[/fn] His won/lost record faded as the season went on, but Paul finished the season at a very respectable 10-7 with a 4.39 ERA.
Again there were offseason trade rumors. However, Foytack was still with Detroit on opening day in 1963. Relegated to the bullpen and not pitching in the first 13 games, Foytack exploded in frustration on April 24. He left the park in the eighth inning of a game without permission. He was fined $500 and told the press, “I was ready to pitch and they didn’t use me. I guess it finally got to me.”[fn]“Foytack Handed $500 Fine for Going AWOL From Park,” The Sporting News, May 18, 1963, 10.[/fn] Paul apologized to manager Bob Scheffing and made his first appearance as a reliever the next day. Foytack pitched for Detroit in only eight more games. A trade to Boston fell through. On June 12 Paul made his last appearance as a Tiger, pitching one-third of an inning, allowing three runs and raising his ERA to 8.66. On June 15 he and Frank Kostro were traded to the Angels for George Thomas and cash.
Foytack welcomed the change of scenery and the opportunity to pitch with L.A. After a couple of successful relief appearances, he made his first start of the season on June 26 against Baltimore. Paul went 8 1/3 innings, giving up three hits and one run to gain the victory. Angels manager Bill Rigney observed that “Foytack has been a pleasant surprise for us.”[fn]Joe Falls, “Foytack Comes Back (As an Angel Starter),” Baseball Hall of Fame clip file.[/fn] Paul appeared in a total of 25 games with the Angels, posting a 5-5 record with a 3.71 ERA. Foytack’s most memorable game came on July 31, the one where he gave up the four consecutive home runs. After having gone seven innings as a starter three days earlier, he volunteered to pitch in relief in the second game of a doubleheader. He later said, “I should have kept my mouth shut.”[fn]Karen Bush, “Remembering Detroit Tiger Pitcher Paul Foytack,” http://blog.detroitathletic.com/2009/06/16/remembering-detroit-tigers-pitcher-paul-foytack/[/fn] Years later Foytack retained fond memories of that season in L.A. and his chance to mingle with owner Gene Autry and Hollywood stars such as Bing Crosby and Fred Astaire.[fn]Jerry Nechal, telephone interview with Paul Foytack, August 21, 2014.[/fn]
Entering the 1964 season there was speculation that Foytack would contend for a spot in the Angels’ rotation. Instead, he made only two unsuccessful relief appearances and was released on May 15. Foytack was picked up by his old team, the Tigers, playing for the AAA Syracuse Chiefs. He appeared in 30 games, posting a 10-10 record and 4.53 ERA.
In 1965, Foytack gave it one last try with the Chunichi Dragons of the Japanese Central League. His reaction to baseball in Japan was not totally favorable. He found Japanese playing tactics to be “completely different than in the states. I think they’re pretty crazy.”[fn]Baseball Hall of Fame Clip File.[/fn] Nevertheless, with great pleasure, Paul later recalled using his changeup to record easy outs against Japan’s legendary home-run hitter, Sadaharu Oh.[fn]Jerry Nechal, telephone interview with Paul Foytack, August 21, 2014.[/fn] Foytack finished that season with a 3.14 ERA in 57 innings pitched.
In 1966 Foytack retired to get, as he called it, “an honest job.”[fn]Ibid.[/fn] Paul remained in Detroit area working as a plastics salesman. For many years he was the batting practice pitcher for the Tigers. Today he has four children, eight grandchildren and nine great grandchildren. “I always dreamed of being a major league pitcher and got my wish. I met a lot of great people and played against some great players.”[fn]“Pitcher Paul Foytack Lives on in Movies,” http://baseballbytheletters.blogspot.com/2010/09/pitcher-paul-foytack-lives-on-in-movies.h[/fn]
Last revised: June 3, 2015
Shannon, Mike, Tales from the Ballpark, Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1999.
Newspapers and Magazines
“25,158 at Mexico City See Coast Squad Win Star Tilt,” The Sporting News, January 4, 1956.
“Buffalo,” The Sporting News, August 6, 1952.
Biederman, Les, “Buc Fans Push Rumor Button -- Demand Swaps,” The Sporting News, November 29, 1961.
Buncher, Ryan, “Area Rich in Minor League Baseball History,” Pittsburgh Tribune, July 21, 2002.
Devine, Tommy, “Can’t You Figure Out Foytack,” Detroit Free Press, June 28, 1962.
Falls, Joe, “Foytack Comes Back (As an Angel Starter),” Baseball Hall of Fame clip file.
"Foytack Blows Fuse After Kayo -- Bounces Back as Tiger Whiz,” The Sporting News, August 26, 1959.
“Foytack Gets Rude Welcome,” The Sporting News, May 16, 1951.
“Foytack Handed $500 Fine for Going AWOL From Park," The Sporting News, May 18, 1963.
“Foytack on the Track With a Quicker Curve,” The Sporting News, April 6, 1955.
“Foytack Shows Hitters How It’s Done With Five in Row,” The Sporting News, June 5, 1957.
“Foytack Stops Home-Towners.” The Sporting News, July 11, 1951.
Kelley, Brent, “An SCD Interview with Paul Foytack,” Sports Collectors Digest, June 14, 1991.
Kritzer, Cy, “‘Best Pitcher Int,’ Tighe’s Tag on Foytack,” The Sporting News, September 9, 1953.
Marazzi, Rick, “Colorful Foytack experienced the good, bad and ugly,” Sports Collectors Digest, December 21, 2007.
Middlesworth, Hal, Detroit Free Press, May 23, 1959.
Middlesworth, Hal, “The Flipper is Back -- Watch Tigers Go,” Detroit Free Press, June 22, 1957.
Ruhl, Oscar, “From the Ruhl Book,” The Sporting News, July 3, 1957.
Spoelstra, Watson, “Bengals Find Another Starter In Foytack, Forgotten Man of ’55,” The Sporting News, May 30, 1956.
Spoelstra, Watson, “Bengals’ Chances to Turn on Early Returns from Hal,” The Sporting News, April 23, 1952.
Spoelstra, Watson, “Crystal-Gazer Cash Sizes Up Tigers As ’62 Flag Contender,” The Sporting News, December 20, 1961.
Spoelstra, Watson, “Flossy ERA Figure Backs Bengal Faith in Foytack,” The Sporting News, January 1, 1958.
Spoelstra, Watson, “Foytack Wins Big Place in Bengals’ Future Book,” The Sporting News, August 8, 1956.
Spoelstra, Watson, “Hex--Waves Magic Wing as Yanks Wilt,” The Sporting News, May 3, 1961.
Spoelstra, Watson, “Hudlin’s Coaching Straightens Out Tigers’ Curving,” The Sporting News, May 15, 1957.
Spoelstra, Watson, “Tigers Flash Toothy Grin for Sad Sam’s New Secret Weapon,” The Sporting News, July 14, 1962.
“Tigers Fix Flaw Finding Faultless Form for Foytack,” The Sporting News, September 17, 1958.
Karen Bush, “Remembering Detroit Tiger Pitcher Paul Foytack,” http://blog.detroitathletic.com/2009/06/16/remembering-detroit-tigers-pitcher-paul-foytack/
“Paul Foytack Baseball Stats, facts, biography, images and video,” http://www.thebaseballpage.com/players/foytapa01
Baseball Hall of Fame clip file, Paul Foytack.
Nechal, Jerry, Interview with Paul Foytack, 2014.