Playing With The Boys: Gender, Race, and Baseball in Post-War America

By A.J. Richard

This article was published in the Spring 2019 Baseball Research Journal.

Even with the success of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, female players of color were largely invisible. Three African American women, however, broke gender and racial barriers by playing in the Negro Leagues. By playing professional baseball with men, Mamie “Peanut” Johnson, Toni Stone, and Connie Morgan directly challenged the belief that women were the “weaker sex.” The highest grossing baseball movie of all time, A League of Their Own, features a 15-second scene where an African-American woman picks up an errant ball and throws it back with . . .

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