Harry “The Cat” Brecheen had previously entered major-league baseball’s record books in 1946 by becoming the first left-handed pitcher to win three games in a World Series. He figuratively came within a cat’s whisker of making history again on May 8, 1948, when he missed hurling a perfect game because of a close call on an infield grounder.
Brecheen had already established himself as one of the best St. Louis Cardinals pitchers of the 1940s. And the 1948 season turned out to be his best year, as he won 20 games for the Cardinals, the only season in which he reached that mark. It was his fifth consecutive season with 15 or more wins. Cardinals manager Eddie Dyer said of his gritty and tenacious pitcher, “What a man to have around when you really have to win a ballgame. The Cat’s got a head, heart, and guts.”1
Brecheen earned his feline nickname by virtue of his superior fielding ability. He reminded people of a cat when he sprang off the mound to pounce on groundballs hit near him.2 His smallish physical stature, 5-feet-10 and 160 pounds, also contributed to the analogy.
After beginning the 1948 season with two shutout wins, the 38-year-old Brecheen got his third start on May 8 against the Philadelphia Phillies at Sportsman’s Park. Blix Donnelly drew the starting assignment for the Phillies.
In front of 15,471 spectators, Brecheen blitzed through the Phillies’ starting nine the first time by recording outs via three strikeouts, three fly balls, two popups and one groundout. The Phillies’ lineup that day featured rookie Richie Ashburn, who had gotten off to a solid start and had an average near .300 at the time.
Brecheen retired the entire Phillies lineup the second time through in a similarly routine fashion as in the first three innings, including three more strikeouts.
In the top of the seventh inning, Brecheen retired Putsy Caballero and Richie Ashburn for his 19th and 20th consecutive batters without allowing a runner. The next batter, rookie Johnny Blatnik, was playing in place of the regular left fielder, Harry Walker, who was working himself into condition after an early-season bout with the flu.3 Blatnik drew two strikes before hitting a slow groundball along the third-base line.
Cardinals third baseman Whitey Kurowski aggressively fielded the ball in front of the bag. His throw to the stretching Nippy Jones at first base appeared to arrive simultaneously with Blatnik, and veteran umpire Babe Pinelli called Blatnik safe, spoiling Brecheen’s perfect-game bid.4
Brecheen retired the next seven batters to record his first one-hitter. The Cardinals had added two more runs in the eighth inning on Jones’s two-run homer for a final score of 5-0.
As one might expect, there were different points of view on Pinelli’s fateful call.
Sportswriters in the press box were divided in their opinions on the outcome of the play, although they acknowledged that their vantage point was unreliable.5
Eddie Dyer commented after the game, “I don’t want to dispute Umpire Pinelli’s decision, but everybody on the ball club thought Blatnik was out. From the dugout, I’d have sworn he was out, but naturally we see the play at an odd angle from our bench and we could have been wrong.” However, Dyer added, “I’m glad I talked to Pinelli after the game, as we walked toward our dressing room. He told me that while he knew the Cat was pitching a perfect game, he only did his duty and called the play as he saw it. I wouldn’t have wanted him to call it any other way.” Nippy Jones, however, firmly insisted that Kurowski’s throw beat Blatnik by “a good half-step.”6
Pinelli firmly backed up his call. He said he was aware of Brecheen’s bid for a perfect game, but that “[T]here was no doubt on the play.”7 In his 1952 autobiography, Mr. Ump, Pinelli recollected the close call in Brecheen’s game as an example of the tensions an umpire faces in performing the job. He wrote, “Had I called (Blatnik) out, Brecheen would have had a perfect no-hit game. Later I felt sorry for Brecheen; for a moment I regretted I had had to make that call. But not for long. The hitter had been safe, and I knew I would have had to call him safe if he had been the last batter in the ninth against a perfect game. I did what the ball commanded me to do.”8
Brecheen said after the game, “I thought (Blatnik) was out,” then quickly added, “but of course I’m prejudiced.9 The one-hit gem was Brecheen’s third consecutive shutout of the young season, although he didn’t think it was his best performance of the three.10
Had Brecheen successfully recorded the perfect game, it would have been only the sixth in the major leagues at that time. In 2010 Detroit’s Armando Galarraga found himself in a similar situation when his unsuccessful perfect-game bid also came down to an umpire’s call.11
Brecheen finished the season with a 20-7 record, winning 11 of his last 14 decisions. He led the league in ERA (2.24), shutouts (7), and strikeouts (149), even though he wasn’t generally known as a strikeout pitcher. From a statistical standpoint, he was arguably the league’s best pitcher, although the Braves’ Johnny Sain also turned in a spectacular season with 24 wins, a 2.60 ERA, and a second-place finish in the league’s MVP voting.
The combination of Brecheen’s pitching and Stan Musial’s hitting essentially kept the Cardinals in contention during the 1948 season. However, the Boston Braves took the National League lead on June 13 and never relinquished it. The Cardinals wound up topping Brooklyn and Pittsburgh for second place. Only two games separated the three teams in the final standings.
If there had been instant replay technology in 1948, Pinelli’s self-assured call at first base would have been reviewed and possibly overturned, and Brecheen would have secured another rare place in baseball history with a perfect game. But on that day in May, the umpire’s call was the final word.
This article appears in “Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis: Home of the Browns and Cardinals at Grand and Dodier” (SABR, 2017), edited by Gregory H. Wolf. Click here to read more articles from this book online.
In addition to the sources mentioned in the Notes, the author also consulted:
“Brecheen Continued Southpaw’s Reign in N.L.,” The Sporting News, December 29, 1948: 15.
Nowlin, Bill, ed., Van Lingle Mungo: The Man, the Song, the Players (Phoenix: Society for American Baseball Research: 2014), 202.
Pietrusza, David, Matthew Silverman, and Michael Gershman, eds. Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia (New York: Total Sports Illustrated, 2000), 120.
1 Mike Eisenbath, The Cardinals Encyclopedia (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1999), 140.
2 Gene Karst and Martin J. Jones Jr., Who’s Who in Professional Baseball (New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House, 1973), 100.
3 Bob Broeg, “Shutout No. 3 for Southpaw as Cards Clip Phillies, 5-0: Jones Wields the Big Stick,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, May 9, 1948:1D.
6 Ray Gillespie, “The Cat Misses Perfect Game by a Whisker,” The Sporting News, May 19, 1948: 7.
8 Babe Pinelli, Mr. Ump (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1952), 128.
11 Jerry Crasnick. “Perfect Moment Stolen in Time,” June 3, 2010, espn.go.com/mlb/columns/story?id=5245331&columnist=crasnick_jerry.