“We were beaten by the longest out and the shortest home run of the year,” said an incredulous Al Lopez, skipper of the Cleveland Indians, who had just lost to the New York Giants in Game One of the 1954 World Series, featuring two of the most iconic plays in baseball history.1 Following Willie Mays’ over-the-shoulder, run-saving catch in deep center field to preserve a tie game in the eighth inning, Dusty Rhodes belted a walk-off, pinch-hit, three-run homer into the short right-field porch in the 10th inning to give the Giants a dramatic 5-2 victory in the Polo Grounds. “It was just another game for us,” said Giants pitcher Johnny Antonelli. “We won the pennant with finishes like this all season long.”2
According to the Associated Press, the Giants (who were 97-57 during the regular season) were 8-5 underdogs against the Indians, winners of a then AL-record 111 games.3 But a closer look at the squads reveals two very similar teams. The Indians pitching staff was their shining diamond. Two 23-game winners, Bob Lemon and Early Wynn, helped Cleveland lead the American League with a stellar 2.78 earned-run average. New York’s pitching staff, though less glamorous than Cleveland’s, paced the National League in ERA (3.09), but unlike its opponent relied heavily on its relief corps, the best in baseball. Both squads were average-hitting teams that led or co-led their respective league in round-trippers.
On a warm autumn afternoon, Wednesday, September 29, 1954, the venerable Polo Grounds was packed with 52,751 spectators. Singer Perry Como, supported by Artie White’s orchestra, sang the national anthem. Jimmy Barbieri, the 12-year-old captain of Schenectady’s Little League world championship baseball team, threw out the ceremonial first pitch.4
Cleveland wasted no time getting to New York’s 37-year-old unflappable curveballer, Sal Maglie (14-6 during the regular season), who drilled leadoff hitter Al Smith on his fourth pitch. Bobby Avila, who had led the AL with a career-high .341 batting average, lined a single in front of charging right fielder Don Mueller, who fumbled it, allowing Smith to scamper to third. After Larry Doby and Al Rosen popped up, Vic Wertz smashed a long fly ball over Mueller’s head. It “caromed off the wall,” wrote John Drebinger of the New York Times, “and bounded gaily past the Giants bullpen,” before Willie Mays gathered it.5 Wertz slid easily into third as Smith and Avila scored, giving the Indians a 2-0 lead. Giants manager Leo Durocher, expecting the worst, had swingman Don Liddle warm up in the bullpen. But the “Barber,” so named for his command of the inside of the plate, shrugged off the two runs and settled down.
New York faced Cleveland’s 33-year-old ace, right-hander Bob Lemon, who had recorded a major-league-leading 148 victories in the previous seven seasons. He squelched a Giants threat in the first with runners on first and third, and cruised into the bottom of the third inning with a 2-0 lead. Described by Irving Vaughan of the Chicago Tribune as “only steady at times,” Lemon struggled with control throughout the game.6 The Giants’ Whitey Lockman and Al Dark led off the third with singles. Mueller, who enjoyed a career year, batting .342 and leading the NL with 212 safeties, grounded into a force out as Lockman scored. After a walk to Mays, Hank Thompson blasted a single to right, driving in Mueller to tie the game. While Cleveland’s Art Houtteman warmed up in the bullpen, Lemon set down Monte Irvin and Davey Williams to extinguish another rally. Lemon, who had been Cleveland’s Opening Day center fielder in 1946 before being converted into a pitcher, gathered his composure and allowed only four baserunners (three hits) from the fourth inning through the ninth.
New York dodged a bullet in the sixth inning when Wertz led off with a single to right field. Mueller attempted to throw him out at first, but the ball shot over Lockman’s head. Wertz should have made it to third, thought skipper Lopez, but the slow-footed slugger’s protective shin guard “broke loose and stopped him” at second base.7
Two innings later, the left-hand-hitting Wertz faced Don Liddle, who had just replaced Maglie, with two on and no outs. He belted the southpaw’s fourth pitch deep into center field. Mays, just 23 years old, took sight of the ball and raced with his back facing the diamond toward the wall in front of the bleachers, just a shade right of center field. Mays “travel[ed] on the wings of wind,’ wrote Drebinger, “to make one of his most amazing catches.”8 Mays, the NL Most Valuable Player in his first full season after spending most of the previous two in the armed forces, whirled around and heaved the ball to the infield as Doby tagged and raced to third. “Durocher was standing in front of me in the dugout,” former Giants batboy Bobby Weinstein told the author. “He turned around and said, ‘Oh no.’ And then he saw Mays run the ball down.”9 After the game Mays took his fielding exploit in stride, “I had it all the way,” he said. “There was nothing too hard about it.”10
The forgotten star of what Gayle Talbot of the Associated Press called a “real hard rock of a baseball game” was Giants reliever Marv Grissom, who snuffed out Cleveland’s rallies in the eighth, ninth, and 10th innings.11 Relieving Liddle after Mays’ “preposterous catch” of Wertz’s fly ball, Grissom walked pinch-hitter Dale Mitchell to load the bases.12 After pinch-hitter Dave Pope fanned looking, catcher Jim Hegan smashed a fly ball to deep left field. “It looked like a homer,” said Al Lopez, “but the wind, blowing from left to right, pulled the ball in.”13 With two outs in the ninth, left fielder Irvin dropped Avilla’s popup for a two-base error, putting a man in scoring position for slugger Doby, who had topped the AL in homers (32) and runs batted in (126). Grissom issued an intentional pass to face Rosen, the 1953 American League MVP, who flied out to end the threat.
In the “throat-clutching” final inning, Wertz led off the 10th with his fourth hit, a double to the gap in left-center.14 Pinch-runner Rudy Regalado moved to third on Sam Dente’s sacrifice. With nerves of steel, “Old Tomato Face” Grissom intentionally walked Pope, then fanned Bill Glynn and induced Lemon, arguably the best hitting pitcher in baseball, to line out to first to end the inning with the go-ahead run 90 feet from home. The Indians tossed away multiple scoring chances and left seven runners on base in the last three innings.
The bottom of the 10th provided, in the words of John Drebinger, a “breath-taking finish to as nerve-tingling a struggle as any world series had ever seen.”15 After striking out Mueller, Lemon issued a walk to Mays, who moved into scoring position by stealing second. Lemon issued an intentional pass to Hank Thompson to play for an inning-ending twin killing. The next batter, Dusty Rhodes, pinch-hitting for Irvin, swung at Lemon’s first pitch and hit a pop fly down the right-field foul line. “We all thought the ball was going to twist foul,” said Lopez after the game.16 Instead, the ball traveled 270 feet and barely cleared the right-field stands, bouncing off a fan, and rolling back onto the field. Rhodes’ three-run, walk-off homer gave the Giants a stunning 5-2 victory.
Hailed as a “Chinese homer” (a cheap home run) in the insensitive parlance of the time, Rhodes’ round-tripper was just the fourth pinch-hit homer in World Series history and the first to end a game. A poor fielder, Rhodes enjoyed a career year in 1954, batting .341 with 15 homers and 50 RBIs in just 164 at-bats. He also hit two of the Giants’ record 10 pinch-hit home runs that season.
“It was difficult to find the No. 1 hero in the Giants’ clubhouse,” said sportswriter Roscoe McGowen of the New York Times.17 From “team electrifier” Mays and the clutch-hitting Rhodes to Grissom’s relentless, pressure-packed pitching, the Giants made a heroic statement in their Game One victory.18
In addition to the sources listed in the Notes, the author consulted Baseball-Reference.com, Retrosheet.org, and accessed video of “The Catch” on YouTube:
1 Ed Corrigan (Associated Press), “Giants Jubilant After 10th Inning Series Win; Longest Out, Shortest HR Blamed by Lopez,” Newport (Rhode Island) Daily News, September 30, 1954: 12.
3 Jack Hand (Associated Press), “Rhodes Pinch Hit Homer, Mays’ Magnificent Catch Trip Tribe,” Sarasota Herald-Tribune, September 30, 1954: 12.
4 Barbieri is among the few players who played in the Little League World Series and the big leagues. In 1966 he saw action in 39 games with the Los Angeles Dodgers.
5 John Drebinger, “Giants Win in 10th From Indians, 5-2, on Rhodes’ Homer,” New York Times, September 30, 1954: 1.
6 Irving Vaughan, “Giants’ Homer in 10th Beats Indians, 5-2,” Chicago Tribune, September 30, 1954: D1.
9 Author’s telephone interview with Bobby Weinstein on May 28, 2014.
11 Gayle Talbot (Associated Press), “Giants Win Series Opener, 5-2, on Rhodes’ Pinch Homer, Newport (Rhode Island) Daily News, September 30, 1954: 12.
12 Dan Daniel, “Mays’ Catch gets Nod,” Newport (Rhode Island) Daily News, September 30, 1954: 13.
13 Louis Effrat, “Cleveland Contends Wind Contributed to Downfall on Two Important Points,” New York Times, September 30, 1954: 54.
17 Roscoe McGowen, “Heroics of Mays, Rhodes, Grissom Regarded as Routine by Happy Giants,” New York Times, September 30, 1954: 40.