This biography appears in When the Monarchs Reigned: Kansas City’s 1942 Negro League Champions (SABR, 2021), edited by Frederick C. Bush and Bill Nowlin. Get your free e-book edition or save 50% off the paperback at SABR.org/ebooks.
December 27, 1922 at Stone Mountain, GA (USA)
November 28, 2004 at Kansas City, MO (USA)
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